What Does the Bible Say About Botany?


As you know, botany is the study of plant life. The Bible has much to say about plant life. Everything from the use of plants for food to people making idols from them. Some very interesting things are revealed in the Bible concerning plant life. All references to plant life are true to modern day science. We only get ourselves into entertaining fables and myths when we stray from the scientific facts that are in the Bible.

In Genesis 1:11 and 12 we see the origin of all plant life. God created them on the third day of the week of creation. It reads as follows: “And God said, ‘Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb yielding seed, the fruit tree yielding fruit after his kind, whose seed is in itself, upon the earth: and it was so. And the earth brought forth grass, herb yielding seed after his kind, and the tree yielding fruit, whose seed is in itself, after his kind: and God saw that it was good.’ ” From this it is revealed that God created these in their mature form. They did not start out as seeds or seedlings. They had fruit on them at creation.

A side note here is the creative week was in an orderly fashion. Each day built on the day before. Following plant life we have the sun, moon and stars being created. Then came animals and humans. This would indicate that this was not done over a period of thousands or millions of years. Each one of these were dependent on the other. Plant life needed sunlight. Animals and mankind co-exist with plant life. God’s original plan was that animals and mankind would use plants for food. This is a much better explanation for the origin of life than any other one. It explains what we see much better than the myths of the naturalists in and out of the church.

We see plants that are “after their kind.” The Bible names between 25 to 30 different kinds of trees alone. There is no evidence that one of these trees sprung from another kind. The kind was established at the beginning of creation. There are a number of varieties within the kinds. However, they have limits as to how much they differ. For example, no apple tree has ever produced an orange tree. God built within each kind the ability to make small changes. The boundaries for these changes were set by God Himself.

Not only this, but each kind had its own seed. The seed was so the plant could reproduce “after its kind.” An orange tree has never produced grape seeds or visa versa. This would be in keeping with the Genesis 1:11 and 12 verses listed above.

Sometimes plants are used to illustrate the traits of people, as “A good tree brings forth good fruit, a bad tree brings forth bad fruit. By their fruits you can know them.”

There is no mythological use of plants in the Bible. The illustrations are in the form of parables. These parables are found in the Old and New Testaments. They are comparisons of real life situations. Thus, Genesis 1-11 are not myths. These chapters give us real history. This is the way it really happened.

Some plants had specialized uses. There are several examples of this found in the Bible. These uses are just as good today as they were back in Bible days. For example, olive oil and wine was used as a salve to fight infection and promote the healing process.

After sin entered into the world through Adam and Eve’s rebellion against God, the earth has been under a curse. Harmful plants sprung up. As a result of this, there are plants that are of no good use. Also, some plants are poisonous. This was not the way it was in the beginning. In the beginning, all plants could be eaten and used by all animal and human life without causing harm. This is the reason that before the flood mankind lived to be hundreds of years old. Animals also lived to be much older.


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